The International Criminal Court

There are many opinions surrounding the practices of International Criminal Courts and how they are conducted.

The headquarters of the International Criminal Court rests in the Hague in the Netherlands. It is considered a permanent international institution created to determine and prosecute cases of and individuals for crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and (as of 2017) crimes of aggression.

Established in 2002, the origins of foundation began in 1872 with  with Gustav Moynier – who proposed a permanent court in response to the crimes of the Franco-Prussian War. The next serious call for an internationalized system of justice came from the drafters of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, who envisaged an ad hoc international court to try the Kaiser and German war criminals of World War I. Following World War II, the Allies set up the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals to try Axis war criminals.

There are 122 countries that are considered state parties statute to the court and 31 countries who have signed but not ratified the courts statute.

There are many controversies over which countries have been selected for court proceedings and which have not. The African Union in particular, has accused the ICC of targeting the African continent.

 

ICC Website

ICC Wikipedia

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About The Holocaust and Genocide Studies Project at PSU

We are part of the Portland State Public Humanities Program. Our goal is to educate, inform and share knowledge about past and present genocides around the globe.
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